Munir AA, 1987. Plumeria Frangipani. National Herbarium of Victoria - Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria.,, MO, 2016. Estuarine river currents, ocean waves, offshore and deep water ocean currents. Beach dune sand hydrophobicity due to the presence of beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L. f.). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. New York Non-Native Plant Invasiveness Ranking Form - Vitex rotundifolia., New York, USA: New York Invasive Species Information. BO, 2016. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Approximately 90% of PAR is excluded by populations of V. rotundifolia as opposed to 20-40% of PAR by stands of sea oats (Uniola paniculata) a native grass which can be crowded out by V. rotundifolia (Westbrooks and Madsen, 2006; Cousins et al., 2010a). Jerome Kellerhals has his bonsai garden in sunny Florida, where he mainly works on semi-tropicals. Die MV, Burger H, Teede H, Bone K. Vitex agnus-castus Extracts for Female Reproductive Disorders: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials. Association between chemical and genetic variation of, Hu Yuan; Zhu Yu; Zhang QiaoYan; Xin HaiLiang; Qin LuPing; Lu BaoRong; Rahman K; Zheng HanChen, 2008. Office of Dietary Supplements. St Louis: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2016., Gresham CA, 2015. Florida, USA: Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Phytopharmacology. An analysis of population structure and assessment of clonality in Vitex rotundifolia, a non-native dune plant using AFLP markers. Larix. Also, within populations a clear spatial structure was demonstrated, with gene clusters occurring at approximately 20 m intervals. Starr F; Starr K, 2015. Nui Chua National Park, Ninh Hai Distr., Vinh Hai Municipality, Vill. 2 (4), 1300100. DOI:10.3732/apps.1300100, Starr F, Starr K, 2015. Vitex agnus-castus ovata (Thunb.) Song CS, 1989. Environmental Requirements Upper respiratory infection . Although sometimes placed in the family Verbenaceae, the genus Vitex is a clear member of the Lamiaceae based on its laterally attached ovules and rbcL and ndhF molecular sequences; characters which are considered monophyletic for the Lamiaceae (Labiatae) (Judd et al., 2002). Synonyms: Vitex trifolia L. Common names: Wild Pepper Tree (Americana) V. trifolia: Asia to Australia. It produces a wide, branching canopy over a single, 12-20 m tall trunk and is exploited from the wild for timber or cultivated for shade (Lorenzi et al., 2006). Lee S; Lee Y; Kim Y; Kim J; Kang D; Lee H, 2012. Encroachment of V. rotundifolia into critical nesting habitats of migratory shorebirds, such as the US Federally Endangered piping plover (Charadrius melodus) (US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009), remains an impending threat to species requiring open sand for nesting. Interpreting Wetland Status. Various flavonoids such as Vitexicarpin, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester, vanillic acid methyl ester, 4-hydroxy benzaldehyde, luteolin, and artemetin were isolated from the leaves of Vitex rotundifolia. Within the Lamiaceae, Vitex is placed in the polyphyletic subfamily Viticoideae along with Gmelina, Callicarpa, Premna, Cornutia and other relatives (Judd et al., 2002). Delaware Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program, Delaware Division of Fish and Wildlife. Social Circle, Georgia, USA: Wildlife Resources Division. 50 (9), 1118-1129. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00635.x, Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States, 2015. Plant Health., USA: United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Vitex may trigger a number of side effects including; bleeding between menstrual periods, dry mouth, hair loss, headache, itching, mild digestive upset, nausea, rapid heartbeat, and skin rash.. In alternative medicine, vitex is frequently used in treatment of the following issues:. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Synonyms: Vitex trifolia var. 2014;31(3):362-373. doi:10.1007/s12325-014-0106-z. Its leaves are rounded at the tips with green upper surfaces and silver lower surfaces. In China the plant is used to treat asthma. Vitex agnus-castus and Vitex negundo have roles in traditional medicine for women's health. Inland to Putnam County, central Florida, the species has been known to hang on for years in an abandoned garden, with no indication of invasive tendencies (Whitten 4072b [FLAS]). Seeds: ecology, biogeography, and evolution of dormancy and germination. Herbarium Bogoriense - Research Centre for Biology., Cibinong, Indonesia: BRI, 2016. In 2008, Hu et al. to avoid collecting from clonal material with identical genotypes (Hu et al., 2008). Charleston, South Carolina, USA: College of Charleston. Raleigh, North Carolina, USA: Plant Industry Division - Plant Protection Section. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press/Bishop Museum Press, 1919 pp. This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. Monte Carlo simulation results (N=5,000) for uncertainty around the risk scores for Vitex rotundifoliaa. Specifically a tropical to temperate coastal environment hosting deep sands and shifting substrate as found on coastal sand dunes of shorelines and coastal strand. close up, … Uses And Health Benefits Of Chasteberry. Bark and Trunk: Smooth to slightly rough light brown to beige bark. Herbarium record: on the mountains at Oubatche; Original citation: Herbarium record: Schlechter 15548, Herbarium record: Reedy s.n.. Ratau River, SW of Daru, Initial introductions were deliberately planted, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. LAMIACEAE. Physiology and Phenology University of Florida Herbarium Collections Catalog. In Iranian traditional medicine, the leaves and fruits of the vitex are used to increase the production of milk in women. II. Chasteberry is the fruit of the chaste tree, which is native to Central Asia and the Mediterranean region. Hibiscus. New diterpenes and norditerpenes from the fruits of Vitex rotundifolia. Carmona. Vitex is also thought to affect levels of prolactin, which is involved in stimulating breast development and milk production in women. Vascular protective role of vitexicarpin isolated from Vitex rotundifolia in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Beach Vitex News and Archives. Light Tolerances: Semi-Sun; Soil Preferences: Not too Particular, Sand, Dry (Mesic), Well-Drained. Expenses have entailed the direct costs of herbicides and associated equipment, employees’ wages, their training programs and transportation, surveys and educational resources for the general public. Vitex has a long history of use as a folk remedy for a range of female conditions, such as post-partum hemorrhage and to help with the "passing of afterbirth." In Iranian traditional medicine, the leaves and fruits of the vitex are used to increase the production of milk in women. The stems are creeping on the ground and much branched. manawanawa in language. Impacting on piping plover and sea turtle nesting habitat. Gainesville, Florida, USA. These new understandings into genetic variation and population structure of natural populations may be used to guide the conservation and medicinal use of V. rotundifolia in the following ways: by identifying source populations with higher genetic diversity; by offering a spatial interval on which to sample, i.e. 3 (3), 340-345. DOI:10.1614/IPSM-D-09-00055.1, Cousins M M, Briggs J, Whitwell T, Gresham C, Whetstone J, 2010., Glenn S; Moore G, 2009. North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 2015. II. Problem. Chasteberry, also known as Vitex agnus-castus, is the fruit of the chaste tree, which is native to western Asia and southwestern Europe . Files are available under licenses specified on their description page., BISH, 2016. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. It occurs on many volcanic islands, including those that have existed for only a short time (Cousins et al., 2010b). The generic name Vitex is derived from the Latin viere, to bind or twist, in reference to the flexible creeping stems of some species. Vitex agnus-castus, Vitex negundo, Vitex trifolia and Vitex rotundifolia, have been studied for their pharmaceutical properties and biological activities (Rani and Sharma, 2013). Invasive species: Vitex rotundifolia - beach vitex. Second Edition. Branches terete or obscurely 4-sided when mature. kolokolo kahakai in language. This fruit is used as a dietary supplement for conditions such as menopause, infertility, menstrual problems, and a number of other conditions. Vitex rotundifolia for nusery garden medicinal use growing by graft shrub that has naturalized in coastal thailand nusery . This page was last edited on 8 June 2017, at 06:29. Wetland Status., USDA-ARS, 2015. J.]. Strongly upright and branching, Vitex agnus-castus and Vitex negundo are easily distinguished from V. rotundifolia with its prostrate, running, and rooting branches. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. Crataegus. The orbicular leaves of seagrape, however, are 10 times the size of V. rotundifolia (Nelson, 1996) besides having red veins, cordate, hefty bases and an overall smooth, leathery patina. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 1998;46:655-62. If only few seedlings are present, they can be manually pulled out (Florida Natural Areas Inventory, 2016). Komarov Botanical Institute Herbarium. L, 2016. Population genetic structure of the medicinal plant Vitex rotundifolia in China: implications for its use and conservation. Leaves. First record of the exotic invasive Vitex rotundifolia (Verbenaceae) in Virginia. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan, and also to Oceania, including Australia and Papua New Guinea. July, 2003. Korea (48). Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). Three months into the study, 26 percent of the study members treated with the vitex-containing supplement had become pregnant (compared to just 10 percent of those given a placebo). Leaf blade thickness differentiation between coastal and freshwater populations of the coastal plant,,,,,,,,,, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Biological Invasions, 17(4):1041-1054., Cousins MM; Briggs J; Gresham C; Whetstone J; Whitwell T, 2010. Vitex rotundifolia . Cordia. Vitex agnus-castus ovata (Thunb.) Vitex rotundifolia L. f. (Verbenaceae) Vitex rotundifolia L. f. is an evergreen woody tree, densely covered with short hairs. Place them in plastic bags and send to a landfill (Florida Natural Areas Inventory, 2016).Biological control Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA: Sinauer Associates, 576 pp. Vitex rotundifolia was intentionally introduced for horticultural use. Flora of China. Cymes many-fld., in panicles to 9″ long, corolla blue to purple, 2-lipped (Hortus Third 1976:1162). More recently, ISSR microsatellite markers have been developed to investigate genetic diversity and population structure of V. rotundifolia in its native range. The foliage has a spicy fragrance. . Read our, Medically reviewed by Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, Medically reviewed by Rochelle Collins, DO, Medically reviewed by Lana Butner, ND, LAc, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Weakley AS, 2015. Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii, USA. The Shrubs and Woody Vines of Florida: A Reference and Field Guide. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation., USA: US Fish and Wildlife Service. In: Flora of China. Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Plants. 400 mya and harbors coastal plant taxa (Setoguchi et al., 2010). Within populations the genotypic diversity found was greater than expected for a clonal species, indicating significant sexual reproduction occurred within the populations. Flowers zygomorphic with short pedicels; pedicels densely glandular and tomentose, 0.5-2 mm long; bracteoles linear, 1-2.5 mm long. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, xviii + 1021 pp. Spontaneous populations in isolated areas of barrier islands and regional beaches began to occur from seeds and/or stems carried by longshore drift and coastal currents (Murren et al., 2014). On beaches of southeastern USA, seedlings of V. rotundifolia might be mistaken for the native silver-leaf croton, (Croton punctatus) (Gresham 2015). Horticultural Information. and scalds (55). Gao X; Chen G, 2015. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. CABI is a registered EU trademark. mawanawana in language. Light Preference: Full Sun. Development of microsatellite markers for Vitex rotundifolia (Verbenaceae), an endangered coastal plant in Lake Biwa, Japan. UWAL Vitex rotundifolia Linnaeus f. UWAL0036303: Mobile: 05 Jun 2010: Horne, Howard E. 1432: UWAL Vitex rotundifolia Linnaeus f. TROY000009661: Mobile: 24 May 2003: Dan Spaulding 11875: TROY Vitex rotundifolia Linnaeus f. UWAL0033718: Baldwin: 03 Jun 2016: Keener, Brian R. 9667: UWAL Vitex rotundifolia Linnaeus f. Records per Page: View a List of All Ecological Communities. By using Verywell Health, you accept our, Pueraria Mirifica: Uses for Women's Health, Vitex agnus-castus Extracts for Female Reproductive Disorders: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials, Efficacy and Safety of Vitex agnus-castus Extract for Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome in Japanese Patients: A Prospective, Open-label Study, Vitex agnus-castus (Chaste-Tree/Berry) in the treatment of menopause-related complaints, Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of Fertilityblend: a nutritional supplement for improving fertility in women, Vitex agnus castus: a systematic review of adverse events, Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know. Vitex ovata Thunb. Patterns in germination of this and related species (Murren et al., 2014) suggest the influence of physical and physiological dormancy in the seed (Cousins et al., 2010b). Westphal LM, Polan ML, Trant AS. Interpretive Summary Beach vitex is a relatively new threat to the fragile dune ecosystems of the southeast. Calyx tube cylindrical, 3-4 mm long, 2-3 mm diam. Environmental concerns. Leaf blades small, about 1.7-4.5 x 0.8-3 cm, petioles about 0.5 cm long. Inflammation, 35(2):584-593. Association between chemical and genetic variation of Vitex rotundifolia populations from different locations in China: its implication for quality control of medicinal plants. USA: USDA Natural Resources Conservation Centre. Richard N. Fogoros, MD, is a retired professor of medicine and board-certified internal medicine physician and cardiologist. Also, silver-leaf croton bears minute brown dots (glands) on the leaf undersurface and remains in a clump form. Garden Uses. Beach vitex is native to sandy coastal areas (e.g., beaches, rocky shorelines and sand dunes) in Japan, eastern Asia, Southeast Asia and India plus along the shorelines in a large number of Pacific islands. Series B, Botany, 36(2):39-42. Vitex rotundifolia is a sprawling shrub 6 to 8 feet in diameter and 6 inches to 2 feet tall, but reaching 4 feet in height and 12 feet in width when protected from wind and salt spray. Weed risk assessment for Vitex rotundifolia Lf (Lamiaceae) - Beach vitex. Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex, Pohinahina); colonizing habit. South Carolina, USA: North Inlet-Winyah Bay National Estaurine Research Reserve. Vitex indica Mill. A taxonomic revision of the genus Vitex L (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex, Pohinahina); habit. In addition, to chasteberry and chastetree, vitex may also be called monk’s pepper, lilac chastetree in health food stores. In addition, vitex is said to increase production of breast milk. A member of the Euphorbiaceae, C. punctatus differs from V. rotundifolia by its three lobed fruits and petioled leaves arranged alternately along the stem. Beach dune sand hydrophobicity due to the presence of beach vitex (,,,,, Gao X; Chen G, 2015. National Center for Natural Sciences and Technology Herbarium. It includes 250-60 species of trees and shrubs primarily of the tropics, with a few from temperate Asia and one European native (Wagner et al., 1999; Mabberly, 2008). © Copyright 2020 CAB International., Wunderlin RP, Hansen BF, 2015. Vitis rotundifolia, or muscadine, is a grapevine species native to the southeastern and south-central United States. Tube cylindrical below, gradually enlarged upwards, almost twice the length of the calyx, 4-7 mm long, 2-4 mm broad at the top. Some women use it to … This plant has no children Legal Status. Setoguchi H; Ishibashi N; Fujita K; Matsubara H; Terada K; Yagi H, 2010. Herbarium Pacificum - Bishop Museum., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA:, FLEPPC, 2014. Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex, Pohinahina); flowers and fruit. Throughout its widespread native range V. rotundifolia demonstrates a good deal of variability including leaf shape and the number of leaflets. Sexual and asexual populations occur in both the native and introduced ranges of V. rotundifolia.

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