Knowing the vital role it plays in all aspects of our life, it is necessary to preserve it. Your doctor may prescribe supplemental oxygen if you have a breathing condition, such as COPD, asthma, pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, lung disease, or sleep apnea. Most acute treatment algorithms, therefore, recommended the liberal use of a high fraction of inspired oxygen, oft … Oxygen gas is used to kill bacteria causing gangrene (as it is poisonous for them) and treat carbon monoxide poisoning as well. CAMEO Chemicals. It plugs into the wall and has a long tube for the oxygen that can reach most rooms in your home. Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm discovered the tasteless, odorless gas in 1772 after he experimented, heating d… It combines directly with various elements to form oxides and is an important constituent of many acids, hydroxides, and various other compounds. In sterilization. Keep the oxygen container 5 feet away from open flames or heaters, such as candles or hot water heaters. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Thereafter, the polymers are employed for making plastics and fabrics. // ]]> This highly essential element is widely used and can be easily taken for granted. It is an active, life-sustaining component of the atmosphere, constituting nearly 21% of volume of the air we breathe. Oxygen is an element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight 16. Aside from those mentioned here, it is used in pulp and paper manufacturing, ceramic creation, glass making and petroleum processing. Here’s an in-depth look at its many benefits. However, the exact concentration of oxygen-18 in precipitation, particularly at high latitudes, depends on the temperature. In its molecular form, oxygen is found almost anywhere in the atmosphere. Oxygen is utilized in Thus, Oxygen is needed for the reaction that converts carbon to carbon dioxide gas in steel working, which takes place under high temperatures in a blast furnace. Oxygen is of great importance in the chemical and the iron and steel industries. Treatment not only increases oxygen levels in the patient’s blood, but has the secondary effect of decreasing resistance to blood flow in many types of diseased lungs, easing the work load on the heart. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The carbon dioxide produced allows for the, Oxygen is used in other applications involving metal and requiring high temperatures, such as, In liquid form, oxygen is used widely as an oxidizing agent for use in. For sanitation. Special oxygen chambers are used in case of high pressure to increase the partial pressure of oxygen around the patient. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Oxygen-16 is the dominant isotope, making up more than 99 percent of all natural oxygen; oxygen-18 makes up 0.2 percent. Oxygen has many uses other than keeping you animated! The oxyacetylene torch is another important industrial application. It is also part of pharmaceuticals, metal refining and other elements. Oxygen is obviously pretty useful for keeping us going, but is also widely used in industry as an oxidant, where it can give up some of that solar energy captured by plant and those cyanobacteria. The therapy may be used in a hospital setting or pre-hospital setting (e.g. Carbon monoxide poisoning is treated using oxygen gas. Just about everyone knows that oxygen is critical to human life and that going without it for more than just a couple of minutes is incompatible with maintaining that life. Individuals whose oxygen concentration in their blood is lower than normal often require an oxygen concentrator to replace that oxygen. According to the American Lung Association, supplemental oxygen improves sleep, mood, mental alertness, stamina, and allows individuals to carry out normal, everyday functions. These cookies do not store any personal information. The most important use of oxygen is in respiration. Oxygen therapy is widely used in the management of a number of chronic and acute health conditions. We hope you are enjoying ScienceStruck! It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. In its molecular form, oxygen is found almost anywhere in the atmosphere. Apart from respiration, there are numerous uses of oxygen, like medical uses, industrial uses, etc. Oxygen is pumped through water to increase the production of natural bacteria, which break down waste products. The oxygen cylinder is provided with a right-hand threaded valve which is painted black. Its major use is in steel production, for example in the Bessemer process. Oxygen canisters are only used if you're out and about: at the shops, for example. In industries, it is mainly used for melting, welding and cutting of metals. Initially, this was supported by the assumed need to avoid hypoxaemia and tissue hypoxia. Apart from respiration, there are numerous uses of oxygen, like medical uses, industrial uses, etc. Commercial oxygen or oxygen-enriched air has replaced ordinary air in the chemical industry for the manufacture of such oxidation-controlled chemicals as acetylene, ethylene oxide, and methanol. Oxygen is also used in the partial combustion of methane (natura… Gas Welding; Combustion of fuels in automobiles. Use and Care of Oxygen Cylinder: The oxygen for both high and low pressure systems are supplied in cylinders at high pressure. Oxygen gas is used in the formation of the water that is composed of oxygen combines with hydrogen, It is used to kill bacteria causing gangrene (as it is poisonous for them) and it is used to treat carbon monoxide poisoning as well. Obviously, oxygen is important for human respiration. Oxygen is essential for all combustion processes, such as burning of fuels (oil, petrol, natural gas, coal), which heat homes and power vehicles. Copyright © Science Struck &, Inc. Who is often credited for discovering oxygen? Oxygen is element number 8 on the periodic table of elements. Health care; Poison management. Oxygen gas is poisonous to bacteria that causes gangrene. function getans(n){document.getElementById('answer' + n).style.display ="block";document.getElementById('show' +n).style.display ="none";} Oxygen is required for yielding antifreeze and polyester polymers. Oxygen is also used in ethylene and methanol production, in oxyacetylene welding, and to oxidize rocket fuel. Widespread cell death in the same area leads to tissue death, or necrosis. Pure oxygen is used in submarines and diving bells. Oxygen is a popular gas used in steel-making, in part due to the continued use of the basic oxygen furnace. And if you've had a look around the medical, industrial and aerospace worlds, you've probably seen oxygen storage systems well represented in each of these areas. Oxygen is of great importance in the chemical and the iron and steel industries. The chemical elements that fall under the Group 16 are known as ‘chalcogens.’ True or False? This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. No wonder, it is known as the 2nd largest industrially consumed gas. Hence, there are many wide uses of oxygen. Keep a fire extinguisher and a phone close by in case of a fire. It is paramagnetic in all its three forms; i.e., solid, liquid, and gaseous state. Chemical Analysis (quality control) Involved in chemical reactions. Oxygen has many important uses within the steel industry, each of them involves the heating and melting of metals. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Oxygen is also used for environmental protection in domestic and industrial wastewater treatment plants and facilities.In oxyacetylene and oxyhydrogen blow torches, oxygen is used for producing very high temperatures somewhere around 3000º C (5432° F) and 2800º C (5072° F), respectively to. It is used in the production and manufacturing of glass and stone products, and in mining. The main specific uses of oxygen are best summarized by separating them into the three convenient categories referred to above. That said, it finds use in numerous other human endeavors: medicine, construction, transportation and even recreation, to name a few. Although it is a poor conductor of heat and electricity, oxygen supports combustion but does not burn itself in the reaction. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Other uses involve the production of iron and steel in blast furnaces using hot oxygen air. Being the first member of Group 16 of the periodic table, oxygen is a chemically active element, forming compounds with nearly all the elements except the inert gases. Uptake of O2from the air is the essential purpose of respiration, so oxygen supplementation is used in medicine. In recent years, HFNO has become a commonly used therapy for patients with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. To ascertain the climatic conditions that existed about a million years ago, scientists evaluate the ratio of isotopes of oxygen-18 and oxygen-16 — in the skeletons of marine organisms. Tell your electric company if you use an oxygen concentrator so you get priority service in case of a power failure. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Oxygen therapy is used to treat emphysema, pneumonia, some heart disorders (congestive heart failure), some disorders that cause increased pulm… Liquid oxygen uses include burning of fuel in spacecraft for generating the required thrust in space where there is neither air nor oxygen. Its major use is in steel production, for example in the Bessemer process. Molecular oxygen, or oxygen gas, has the formula O_2_ and is therefore diatomic (has two atoms). The primary applications of oxygen include melting, refining, and manufacture of steel along with other metals. Calgary hospitals assess oxygen use ahead of expected influx of COVID-19 patients Ryan White Senior Digital Producer/Digital Lead @CTVRyanWhite Contact Formerly with and the editor of "Run Strong," he has written for Runner's World, Men's Fitness, Competitor, and a variety of other publications. Do not use oxygen around heat or flame. Humans use oxygen to help them produce various things, heal diseases, ease daily activities and many other things. Medical applications of oxygen include use in oxygen tents, inhalators, and pediatric incubators. NCI Thesaurus (NCIt) Oxygen is an element displayed by the symbol O, and atomic number 8. What is an oxygen analyzer? Have a look... An oxygen analyzer is a device that measures the level of oxygen…, Owing to the increased awareness about mercury toxicity, its uses have considerably declined in the recent years. //