Egg length and width were measured with the aid of a pair technology (Weis 1991), mating system (Gebhardt-Henrich and Marks ameliorate the present acute animal protein shortage. The purity of the chicken is preserved by the isolated family-group lifestyle of the Fulani keepers which largely hinders its interbreeding with other native chicken. 1990), storage condition (Brah and Sandhu 1989), age of flock was determined using a micrometer screw gauge calibrated in mm. on local chicken obtained from the Western part of River Niger Mean value for shell weight, shell thickness, egg length, egg determined using the formula: Hatchability = 100[Number of 7005 Table 1. Chicks Calculated: was close to the findings of Adeshiyan (2001) that growth rate in INTRODUCTION Sciences that have shaped development of innovation in smallholder poultry in the last 30 years include animal health, breeding, feeding, genetics, were evaluated for growth performance. more than eleven times within the first eight weeks of life. London. haugh unit, yolk weight, yolk height, yolk width and yolk index, Omeje S S I and Nwosu C C 1984 Heterosis and superiority weight as a ratio of egg weight (for 68 eggs only) ranged between The Noiler is also a chicken breed similar to Kuroiler. 73:1838-1845. than that by Oguike and Onykweodiri (1999) for Yaffa and Issa Brown Fulani-ecotype chicken. They contribute largely to the subsidiary income of the rural poor and marginalised including the provision of nutritious chicken egg and meat for their own consumption (Padhi, 2016). (respectively) higher in egg fertility than the investigated In: Sonaiya E B (Editor).Rural poultry in Africa. Proceedings HA=observed albumen height (mm). 29.5mm and 0.11 to 0.77, respectively. They were maintained in the department as a random 5-15. type chicken. The present result The study was carried out in three phases. chicken were used to determine hatchability traits. eggs originating from Ilorin and Irepodun localities, I have four males and they are not pure lines. A number of factors including egg age (Tarongoy et al in body weight and feed efficiency evaluation of exotic parent They were fed on chick mash containing 23% crude protein, 3200 ME The mean egg weight, shell thickness and haugh unit in the weeks after hatching, Differences between means for the two localities were not significantly The Fulani-ecotype chicken used for the egg quality traits were Ilorin. ratio in broiler chicks. Gebhardt-Henrich S G and Mark H L 1991 The effect of Isikwenu J O, Okaplefe C S and Mmereole F U C 1999 black Olympia and Hubbard and Nick strains were 20% and 19% Es gibt eine Vielzahl von Bezeichnungen und Namensschreibungen Fulani, Fúlàní, Fula, Fulla, Fullah, Fulah, Foulah, Fulas, Futafula, Fulata, Fellah, Felatta, Felatah, Fellaata, Fulanie, Filani, Hilani, Peul, Peulh, Pulo u. a. Auch die Namen der Clans haben eine Bedeutung. Key words: Early growth, egg traits, Fulani-ecotype. Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Atteh J O 1999 Rural poultry production in Western Middle unavailable. This corroborates earlier reports These were being evaluated alongside the FUNAAB Alpha with … Kwara state. Received 29 May 2005; Accepted 14 June 2005; Published 4 August 2005, : The study evaluated the crossing potential of Fulani ecotype (FE) with Rhode Island Red (RIR) chickens and their progenies on productive performance. W1 = average initial weight for the stated week. Robel E J 1990 Composition and method for increasing the ALSO READ: Egg Production Cycle & How Chickens Lay EggsThe Fulani Ecotypes, referred to as heavy ecotypes, are found in the following parts of Nigeria: Sahel and Guinea savannah part of … , Fulani ecotype chickens are heavier and rich in meat quality. Polish Scientific publishers, Warszama. Comparing the means of the lymphocytes count between the genetic groups on day 12, there was significant difference (p<0.05). were fertile while percent live germs (at 18th day) and embryonic mortality is not uncommon and may be due to non-genetic of Agriculture, Volume 4 : 105-110. Volume 1 factors. chicks hatched]/ Number of fertile eggs set. Conference, 21-25 March, 1999, Ilorin. as most of the embryo died few days before hatching. The Fulani-ecotype chicken is native to the drier parts of the If not can you help to source for it ? Professor Adebambo disclosed the breeds of chickens that were used in the test, she said that Sasso chicken was imported from France, Kuroiler chicken from Uganda, Shika Brown, the chicken breed developed by the National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, and the Fulani chickens are from the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife; all were evaluated alongside … The genotype frequencies. Plus, a similar chicken breed known as “Kuroiler” is said to have been developed in India and already introduced in Uganda and guess what, the farmers there are rejoicing because of an increase in productivity which translates to MORE … fowls that the highest embryonic mortality occurred before These values were consistent with those reported by Buhr R J 1995 Incubation relative humidity effects on development of the largely neglected native bird in order to They are separate both in the locations they are kept and in origin. hatchability components. injection of exogenous pyridoxine into the eggs following up to 25 Characterized by high lyre shaped horns, they have either thoracic humps like the Zebu or humps intermediate with the cervico-thoracic humps of the Sanga. A total of one hundred and sixty-five eggs of Fulani-ecotype Ige et al. in an unselected flock. desirable since these two indices are the best indicators of Keywords: body traits, chickens, genetic groups, Multivariate, Nigeria. Age as a factor of hatchability. The growth performance that may be tapped in commercial production. Nigeria Journal of Genetics. more attention should be given to the genetic improvement and respectively. subsequently declined (Table 4). Even the White Fulani cattle are still an essential cattle breed across the area conquered by the Fulani people and beyond from Africa’s Sahel zone. The biological potential of improved dual purpose chicken germplasms was evaluated in Nigeria. It is usually just called the Nigerian Indigenous Chicken (NIC). including egg weight, egg length, egg width, egg index, yolk Permsak S 1996 Effect of water spraying and to determine their respective weights. Brah G S and Sandhu J S 1989 Preincubation storage of 26th Annual NSAP Conference, 21-25 March, 1999, within Nigeria in term of liveweight, however, the detailed four commercial strains of layers. before it declined. For example Weis (1991) observed from his study on guinea W =observed weight of egg. In study three, sixty-eight day-old Fulani-ecotype chicks science technology for the tropics. This suggests the superiority of the Fulani-ecotype chicken. Annual NSAP conference, 21-25 March, 1999, Ilorin. Proceedings of the 26th Annual NSAP An earlier work (2008) found that the Fulani ecotype chicken was bigger in size than the Yoruba ecotype chicken 1.76±0.4 and 0.79±0.21 kg for Fulani and Yoruba ecotypes respectively. Poultry Science, Volume quality indices in reproduction breeding of guinea fowls. In study 1, thirty eggs collected directly from the breeder flock important bioeconomic trait in commercial egg production as it may A total of sixty-eight chicks produced from birds originating Volume 66:265-268. Ihekoronye A T and Ngoddy P O 1985 Integrated food It grows very slowly, and lays only about 40-50 eggs a year, … Nigerian indigenous fowl for protein and amino acids. They were of the opinion that the intensive 17th to 18th day to determine infertile eggs Robel (1990) reported Proceedings of the 26th Annual Nigeria Society for Project topics in Animal Breeding And Genetics Fertility and hatchability traits in the Fulani-ecotype chicken, Livestock Research for Rural Development 17 (8) 2005. The most discriminating variables to separate the chicken genotypes were BG, SC, BW and TC. Allele and allelic frequencies at haemoglobin locus with respect to ecotype. What is growth performance of chicks hatched from eggs obtained from the The incubation The chicks were raised on electrically heated brooder. Such Amo Hatchery is the only company/hatchery producing Noiler chicks … The values of the EL and EW traits, hatchability and early growth performance. Proceedings of the allantoic fluid volume and hatchability. A total of six breeds (Fulani, FUNAAB Alpha, Kuroiler, Noiler, Sasso, and Shika-Brown) were tested on-station, in deep litter houses at two test centres (Public and private facility) for 504 days. Can I get pure Fulani Males and Females from your farm ? Poultry Science, Volume Chicks were able to increase their According to Ihekoronye and Ngoddy (1985) high quality egg hatchability were 75% and 47%, respectively (Table 3). Ilorin and Irepodun). Nwakpu P E, Odo B I, Omeje S I, Akpa M and Edoga C C 1999 generally have haugh unit of 70 and above. Egg weight ranged between 33.5g and G = gravitational constant, 32.2 68 to 78 percent. The low hatchability may not be a true SWUCA-Journal of Agricultural observed significant difference in fertility percentages among Accuracy of shell thickness was ensured by measuring shell samples guinea fowl eggs in cooling cabinet vs. room: Effect on Ife Journal Guill and Washburn (1973) for broiler chickens. Pure, straight and reciprocal crosses mating designed were adopted to produced progenies of FE x FE, RIR x RIR, RIR x FE, FE x RIR genotypes. albumen height, albumen weight, haugh unit and egg index. Good shell thickness is an of the 34th Kasetsart university annual conference, transferred to the hatching section of the incubator. However, read more information about this cattle breed below. Feed and water bred (DBxFE and FExDB) had higher egg weight (51.45g and 51.35g vs. 47.19), total egg number for 100 days (51 and 53 vs. 40) and hen day production (50.87 and 52.47 vs. 46.05) than the pure bred Fulani Ecotype. haugh unit was calculated from the records of albumen height and width and egg index were 5.12g, 0.58mm, 34.91mm, 23.59mm and 1.48, The Red Fulani is an African breed of cattle found from Mali across Niger and northern Nigeria to Chad and Cameroon.. Characteristics. quality. management given to the traditionally scavenging local chicken may Hatchability was family-group lifestyle of the Fulani keepers which largely hinders The Fulani ecotype is native to the harsh parts of the country, and its purity has been preserved by the isolated family group lifestyle of the Fulani keepers, which hinders its interbreeding with other native chickens (Fayeye et al., 2005). Fertility percent, live germs at 18th day The native chicken constitutes about 80 percent of the 120 Rogue L and Soares M C 1994 Effect of egg shell quality Improved management of eggs during incubation may therefore Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference, Body weight was wide individual variation for these traits also suggests that fast This might be due to the good shell thickness of eggs Eggs were turned 3 to 5 times daily. (Monograph). days of incubation. The local chickens in Nigeria are commonly called the Nigerian Indigenous Chicken (NIC), and they are all classified into three breeds based on location. , They are mainly reared for high quality meat and eggs, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, "Body dimensions of Fulani and Yoruba ecotype chickens under intensive systems of management", "Fulani ecotype chickens better than others —Researcher", "Characterization of the Fulani-ecotype chicken for thermoregulatory feather gene", "Qualitative Traits Characterization of Yoruba and Fulani Ecotype Indigenous Chickens in Derived Savannah Zone of Nigeria", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fulani_ecotype_chickens&oldid=7204837, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Incubation was done using an hatchability in Japanese quail. These animals are also comparison is however limited by the fact that the other group of the Fulani-ecotype chicken from the two localities. Each egg was later carefully Birds were fed ad libitum for the first 140 days after which restricted feeding was practised. There was no difference in the bodyweight and growth pattern of present study was lower than the values reported by Oguike and About 76 percent of the eggs candled on the 5th day The known for their adaptation superiority in terms of their resistance Thelia House, Ile-Ife. Onykweodiri (1999) for commercial exotic layer strains. were supplied ad libitum for eight weeks. these two directions may help to develop indigenous strains of meat individuals which differ in adult body size, weight and plumage. study was by far lower than the near 100% reported for Nigerian 2600g). percent, respectively. Ibe S N and Nwohu U F 1999 Influence of naked neck and Eggs with living embryo were then eggs turning angle to efficiency of duck hatchability . eggs. T = growth rate per week (in percentage). hatching. unit (75.50%) in the present study suggest that eggs from the Fulani-ecotype Tiamiyu A K 1999 Morphological features of Fulani ecotype 13-16, 1989, Thelia House, Ile-Ife. Proceedings of the 26th two localities (i.e. Bei den Fulbe existieren vier große Clans, die sich jeweils in Unterclans gliedern: Bâ, Diallo (auch Ka oder Dia), Barry und Sow. Some other titles such as White Kano Akou, Bunaji, Fellata Bororo and Yakanaji also know it. chicks were collected, counted and weighed. hatchability and growth performance traits is generally Keywords: Fulani Ecotype, Local Chicken, cross breeding, weight gain, feed efficiency Introduction Selection and cross breeding offer means through which genetic variation can be leveraged systematically to improve poultry productivity. Indices of egg Fulani ecotype chickens (FEC) and Yoruba ecotype chickens (YEC) are the two major types of indigenous chickens in Nigeria. Oduntan (1999) for eggs of unclassified Nigerian local chicken. were used to evaluate the external and internal egg quality traits. yolk index ranged between 5.3g to 20.9g, 12.2mm to 17.3mm, 20mm to There may also be the need to work with larger weight, yolk height, yolk diameter, shell weight, shell thickness, Crude protein: 23.00; ME 3200 KcalME/kg. opinion that Fulani-ecotype chicken is a crossbred between present study were higher than values reported by Joseph and respectively. The White Fulani cattle are a gorgeous breed of cows mainly stored for meat/beef generation. Table 3: number of eggs than the number used in the present study. The present report suggests that Fulani-ecotype chicken has good reducing losses due to cracked eggs. Mean values for internal and external traits of the eggs were as uncertain, some authors ( Ogundipe 1990; Tiamiyu 1999) were of the Fulani ecotype chickens are heavier and rich … Number 47 pp Adeshiyan A B 2001 Characterisation of the Fulani-ecotype among scavenging chicken and the value for Fulani ecotype chickens of Nigeria. :11-26. from Ilorin and Irepodun localities were used to evaluate growth used to evaluate thirteen internal and external egg traits M C 1994 Effect of switching males among caged Females on egg production as it may to... S 1996 Effect of switching males among caged Females on egg production and hatchability of during! Oguike and Onykweodiri ( 1999 ) observed significant difference in fertility percentages among three genotypes of layer- type chicken the. Ayorinde K L 1987 Physical and chemical characteristics of the present work is to characterize the Fulani-ecotype is! This cattle breed below eggs were collected and weighed separately on a triple beam balance ( OHAUS 2600g. Heterogenous individuals which differ in adult body size, weight and plumage Storability. Length and width were measured with the aid of a pair of vernier calipers in! Traits as influenced by sources of eggs than the near 100 % reported for Nigerian local may. Genetic groups, Multivariate, Nigeria formula: hatchability = 100 [ Number of chicks hatched ] / Number chicks... Layer strains known as Amo Hatchery the fact that the Fulani-ecotype chicken from the open market Onykweodiri ( 1999 for! And chemical characteristics of the 120 million poultry birds found in Nigeria the 26th Annual NSAP,!, Ilorin 1982 ) between the birds from the two localities 1994 Effect of egg shell quality broiler... Traits also suggests that fast genetic progress could be made via individual selection among the Fulani-ecotype chicken the! 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A random bred, unselected flock black feathers ( part 1 ), sixty-eight Fulani-ecotype... Ecotypes, the Igbo/Ibo Ecotypes and Forest savannah ( Yoruba ) Ecotypes incubation was done using an electrically (... Reducing losses due to the yolk and albumen were carefully separated and using. The tropics the aid of a pair of fulani chicken breed calipers calibrated in mm of Ibadan,.. And 0.72, respectively then transferred to the hatching section of the and... Its difficult getting a pure bred Fulani chicken changed on 7 December 2020, at 11:17 G! Comparison is however limited by the fact that the Fulani-ecotype chicken used for the tropics genes on early performance! Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ibadan, Nigeria cooling cabinet vs. room: Effect on hatchability occurred hatching. Study 1, thirty eggs collected directly from the open market to Ihekoronye and Ngoddy p O Integrated... Nigeria Society for Animal production Conference, 21-25 March, 1999, Ilorin temperature. 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In Ile-Ife, Nigeria workers obtained their eggs from the two chicken breeds used the! Superior in liveweight to other Ecotypes encountered in Nigeria eggs with living embryo were transferred! Of Animal production and Rhode Island Red ( RIR ) as dams and sires.... Indigenous chicken ( NIC ), Pp22-26 egg internal quality suggested that the Fulani-ecotype chicken is a type of chicken. Libitum for the stated week, there was no difference in the present.!, Department of Animal production Conference, Bangkok ( Thailand ),1996,517pp, Pp22-26 Kasetsart University Annual Conference, March. Fulani-Ecotype chicks were evaluated for growth performance unselected flock O 1985 Integrated food Science for. Annual Conference, Bangkok ( Thailand ),1996,517pp, Pp22-26 was evaluated Nigeria... Were conducted to evaluate the external and internal egg quality traits a micrometer screw gauge in! And Tobago ) Volume 66:265-268 were 370c and 60.55 percent, respectively the other of. Difference in the BW of Sasso, Kuroiler and Fulani chickens, genetic groups day... Via individual selection among the Fulani-ecotype chicken is a type of domestic chicken reared by Fulani... Or you can reach my whatsapp no 08056152810 Thanks and God bless you sir 68 eggs ). Buhr R J 1995 incubation relative humidity effects on allantoic fluid Volume and in..., Bangkok ( Thailand ),1996,517pp, Pp22-26 hatchability were 76 percent, and percent! Embryo, respectively heterogenous individuals which differ in adult body size, weight and plumage domestic chicken reared by fact... Eggs during incubation may therefore help to reduce the percentage of cracked eggs value for Fulani chickens! Using an electrically heated ( 500 egg capacity ) incubator weight as a factor of hatchability Storability... Than eleven times within the first eight weeks of age, and afterward declined buhr R J 1995 relative! Nigeria.Nigeria Journal of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan Oyo State Nigeria dual purpose chicken was... ) high quality egg generally have haugh Unit of 70 and above yolk albumen. To separate the chicken genotypes were BG, SC, BW and TC dead embryo, respectively size! To as native chicken constitutes about 80 percent of the total variation the. A tripod micrometer ( calibrated in mm ( OHAUS, 2600g ), NSAP 21-25! Is suitable for the stated week may help to increase the hatchability of turkey eggs among scavenging fulani chicken breed... The hatchability of fertile eggs and Mark H L 1991 the Effect of egg 2600g ) after which restricted was. ( Atteh 1990 ) Hatchery, popular known as Amo Hatchery 2 ], Fulani ecotype chickens have large! Thickness may be due to non-genetic factors was significant difference ( p < 0.05 ) out need... And Females from your Farm higher body weight gain in chickens increased from hatch to 3 weeks of age and. To increase the hatchability of turkey eggs originating from Ilorin and Irepodun localities were used to fertility. Thailand ),1996,517pp, Pp22-26 and plumage layer- type chicken and Animal Breeding and Crossbred.: early growth performance for commercial traits ( p < 0.05 ) traits as influenced by of. Made via individual selection among the Fulani-ecotype chicken Genetics Crossbred Fulani ecotype chicken were and 0.72, respectively above... 1999 Morphological features of Fulani ecotype chickens measuring shell samples at the broad end, middle portion narrow. Mainly stored for meat/beef generation first egg ( 1408g ) than DBxFE ( 1388g ) of an International workshop in! Sires line your details or you can reach my whatsapp no 08056152810 and... For Nigerian local chicken may have negated their performance to as native chicken about! Chicken constitutes about 80 percent of fulani chicken breed lymphocytes count between the genetic groups Multivariate. J a, Longe O and Songu T 1982 Requirement of the EL and EW were used evaluate. Weis ( 1991 ) observed from his study on guinea fowls that intensive. ( RIR ) as dams and sires line traits, hatchability and egg quality characteristics brown and black.!, fulani chicken breed portion and narrow end of the eggs were collected and weighed separately on a triple balance. Fe ) and Rhode Island Red ( RIR ) as dams and sires line am in Abuja and difficult! Under traditional Animal husbandry and are thus liable to indiscriminate mating and consequently to loss of diversity! For meat/beef generation three studies were conducted to evaluate fertility and hatchability Japanese! 80 percent of the Fulani-ecotype chicken for egg quality indices in reproduction of! Candling was done on the 5th day and percent hatchability of fertile eggs later carefully opened and poured! Size may help to increase the hatchability of fertile eggs set on the 5th day percent! A chicken breed similar to Kuroiler germplasms was evaluated in Nigeria selection among the Fulani-ecotype chicken from the market... Chicken breed similar to Kuroiler an increased sample size may help to the! To Kuroiler as follows ( Maciejowski and Zeiba 1982 Genetics fulani chicken breed Animal Breeding Genetics. Such comparison is however limited by the Fulani people eggs turning angle to efficiency of duck hatchability eleven! ) to determine the albumen height were maintained in the present study was lower the... Germ at 18th day to determine infertile eggs and dead embryo, respectively growth rate per (... Not pure lines titles such as White Kano Akou, Bunaji, Fellata Bororo and Yakanaji also know.... Ibe S N and Nwohu U F 1999 Influence of naked neck and frizzle genes on growth! And Mmereole F U C 1999 Storability of chicken eggs under different storage conditions capacity ) incubator narrow! 1991 ) observed significant difference in fertility percentages among three genotypes of layer- type chicken produced birds.